Relationships between eating quickly and weight gain in Japanese University students: A longitudinal study

Mayu Yamane, Daisuke Ekuni, Shinsuke Mizutani, Kota Kataoka, Masami Sakumoto-Kataoka, Yuya Kawabata, Chie Omori, Tetsuji Azuma, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Many cross-sectional studies have reported a relationship between overweight/obesity and eating quickly, but there have been few longitudinal studies to address this relationship in younger populations. The purpose of this prospective longitudinal study was to investigate whether eating quickly was related to being overweight in Japanese university students. Methods: Of 1,396 students who underwent a general examination and completed questionnaires at the start of university and before graduation, 1,314 students (676 male and 638 female) of normal body composition [body mass index (BMI) <25 kg m-2] at baseline were included in the analysis. The questionnaires included speed of eating and other lifestyle factors. After a 3-year follow-up, the students whose BMIs were ≥25 kg m-2were defined as overweight. Results: In this study, 38 participants (2.9%) became overweight. In the logistic regression analysis, the risk of being overweight was increased in males [adjusted odds ratio (OR): 2.77; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.33-5.79; P < 0.01] and in those who ate quickly at baseline (OR: 4.40; 95% CI: 2.22-8.75; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Eating quickly may predict risk of being overweight in Japanese university students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2262-2266
Number of pages5
JournalObesity
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this