Relationship between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition in Japanese subjects

Kanae Oda, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Noriko Sakano, Takeshi Saito, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Takeyuki Numata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the link between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in Japanese subjects. Methods: A total of 93 men (42.2 ± 12.3 years old) and 106 women (43.5 ± 12.3 years old) were enrolled in this cross-sectional investigation study. Peak oxygen uptake was measured by the breath-by-breath method. Regional body composition i.e., body fat mass, lean body mass, and body fat percentage was evaluated using DEXA. In addition, metabolic risk parameters were also evaluated. Results: Peak oxygen uptake was 37.6 ± 8.7 mL/kg/min in men and 31.1 ± 6.4 mL/kg/min in women, and decreased with age in both genders. Peak oxygen uptake was significantly correlated with total body fat percentage (men: r = -0.684, p <0.0001; women: r = -0.681, p <0.0001). These associations remained even after adjusting for age and total lean body mass. However, peak work rate was positively and significantly correlated with leg lean body mass. Conclusion: Peak oxygen uptake was closely correlated with total body fat percentage in both genders. Aerobic exercise as well as leg resistance training might be useful for improving peak oxygen uptake in Japanese subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Body Composition
Oxygen
Adipose Tissue
Photon Absorptiometry
Leg
Resistance Training
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise

Keywords

  • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)
  • Japanese
  • Leg muscle mass
  • Peak oxygen uptake
  • Regional body composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Relationship between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition in Japanese subjects. / Oda, Kanae; Miyatake, Nobuyuki; Sakano, Noriko; Saito, Takeshi; Miyachi, Motohiko; Tabata, Izumi; Numata, Takeyuki.

In: Journal of Sport and Health Science, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2014, p. 233-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oda, K, Miyatake, N, Sakano, N, Saito, T, Miyachi, M, Tabata, I & Numata, T 2014, 'Relationship between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition in Japanese subjects', Journal of Sport and Health Science, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 233-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2012.11.006
Oda, Kanae ; Miyatake, Nobuyuki ; Sakano, Noriko ; Saito, Takeshi ; Miyachi, Motohiko ; Tabata, Izumi ; Numata, Takeyuki. / Relationship between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition in Japanese subjects. In: Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2014 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 233-238.
@article{8c2fc55545ea429aa179199e25fc7533,
title = "Relationship between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition in Japanese subjects",
abstract = "Purpose: To investigate the link between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in Japanese subjects. Methods: A total of 93 men (42.2 ± 12.3 years old) and 106 women (43.5 ± 12.3 years old) were enrolled in this cross-sectional investigation study. Peak oxygen uptake was measured by the breath-by-breath method. Regional body composition i.e., body fat mass, lean body mass, and body fat percentage was evaluated using DEXA. In addition, metabolic risk parameters were also evaluated. Results: Peak oxygen uptake was 37.6 ± 8.7 mL/kg/min in men and 31.1 ± 6.4 mL/kg/min in women, and decreased with age in both genders. Peak oxygen uptake was significantly correlated with total body fat percentage (men: r = -0.684, p <0.0001; women: r = -0.681, p <0.0001). These associations remained even after adjusting for age and total lean body mass. However, peak work rate was positively and significantly correlated with leg lean body mass. Conclusion: Peak oxygen uptake was closely correlated with total body fat percentage in both genders. Aerobic exercise as well as leg resistance training might be useful for improving peak oxygen uptake in Japanese subjects.",
keywords = "Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), Japanese, Leg muscle mass, Peak oxygen uptake, Regional body composition",
author = "Kanae Oda and Nobuyuki Miyatake and Noriko Sakano and Takeshi Saito and Motohiko Miyachi and Izumi Tabata and Takeyuki Numata",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.jshs.2012.11.006",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "233--238",
journal = "Journal of Sport and Health Science",
issn = "2095-2546",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition in Japanese subjects

AU - Oda, Kanae

AU - Miyatake, Nobuyuki

AU - Sakano, Noriko

AU - Saito, Takeshi

AU - Miyachi, Motohiko

AU - Tabata, Izumi

AU - Numata, Takeyuki

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Purpose: To investigate the link between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in Japanese subjects. Methods: A total of 93 men (42.2 ± 12.3 years old) and 106 women (43.5 ± 12.3 years old) were enrolled in this cross-sectional investigation study. Peak oxygen uptake was measured by the breath-by-breath method. Regional body composition i.e., body fat mass, lean body mass, and body fat percentage was evaluated using DEXA. In addition, metabolic risk parameters were also evaluated. Results: Peak oxygen uptake was 37.6 ± 8.7 mL/kg/min in men and 31.1 ± 6.4 mL/kg/min in women, and decreased with age in both genders. Peak oxygen uptake was significantly correlated with total body fat percentage (men: r = -0.684, p <0.0001; women: r = -0.681, p <0.0001). These associations remained even after adjusting for age and total lean body mass. However, peak work rate was positively and significantly correlated with leg lean body mass. Conclusion: Peak oxygen uptake was closely correlated with total body fat percentage in both genders. Aerobic exercise as well as leg resistance training might be useful for improving peak oxygen uptake in Japanese subjects.

AB - Purpose: To investigate the link between peak oxygen uptake and regional body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in Japanese subjects. Methods: A total of 93 men (42.2 ± 12.3 years old) and 106 women (43.5 ± 12.3 years old) were enrolled in this cross-sectional investigation study. Peak oxygen uptake was measured by the breath-by-breath method. Regional body composition i.e., body fat mass, lean body mass, and body fat percentage was evaluated using DEXA. In addition, metabolic risk parameters were also evaluated. Results: Peak oxygen uptake was 37.6 ± 8.7 mL/kg/min in men and 31.1 ± 6.4 mL/kg/min in women, and decreased with age in both genders. Peak oxygen uptake was significantly correlated with total body fat percentage (men: r = -0.684, p <0.0001; women: r = -0.681, p <0.0001). These associations remained even after adjusting for age and total lean body mass. However, peak work rate was positively and significantly correlated with leg lean body mass. Conclusion: Peak oxygen uptake was closely correlated with total body fat percentage in both genders. Aerobic exercise as well as leg resistance training might be useful for improving peak oxygen uptake in Japanese subjects.

KW - Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)

KW - Japanese

KW - Leg muscle mass

KW - Peak oxygen uptake

KW - Regional body composition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906276226&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906276226&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jshs.2012.11.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jshs.2012.11.006

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 233

EP - 238

JO - Journal of Sport and Health Science

JF - Journal of Sport and Health Science

SN - 2095-2546

IS - 3

ER -