Relationship between Health Counselor Characteristics and Counseling Impact on Individuals at High-Risk for Lifestyle-Related Disease: Sub-Analysis of the J-HARP Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

Midori Noguchi, Minako Kinuta, Toshimi Sairenchi, Miyae Yamakawa, Keiko Koide, Shoko Katsura, Kazue Matsuo, Shizuko Omote, Hironori Imano, Hitoshi Nishizawa, Iichiro Shimomura, Hiroyasu Iso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Early diagnosis and treatment are necessary to prevent lifestyle-related diseases among high-risk individuals. This study aimed to examine the impact of counselor characteristics on clinic visits among individuals at high risk for lifestyle-related diseases. A total of 8975 patients aged 40 to 74 years with lifestyle-related comorbidities, who underwent an annual health checkup and received health counseling, were included in this study. Data intervention timing, mode of counseling, number of counseling sessions, and explanation methods were collected. We assessed the impact of counselor characteristics, including profession (public health nurse, clinical nurse, and nutritionist), age, and years of counseling experience, on counseling outcomes. The probability ratios (95% confidence intervals) of clinic visits were 1.22 (1.11–1.35) for public health nurses and 1.04 (0.90–1.20) for nurses compared with nutritionists. After adjustment for participant and counselor characteristics and initial timing, mode, and number of counseling sessions, the corresponding probability ratios (95% confidence intervals) were 1.16 (1.05–1.29) and 1.12 (0.95–1.31), respectively. Counselor age and years of experience did not influence clinic visits of the target population. Public health nurses were more effective in increasing clinic visits among the target population owing to their profession-specific knowledge, skills, and experience.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6375
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • community trial
  • competency
  • health counseling
  • high-risk: lifestyle-related disease
  • public health nurse
  • referral to physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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