Background: Progression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) to left ventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction sometimes occurs. However, the mechanism of the transition from hypertrophy to dysfunction has not been elucidated. It has been reported that circulating levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), which is a major factor promoting the accumulation of macrophages, are increased in patients with congestive heart failure. We measured circulating levels of MCP-1 in patients with HCM and examined whether MCP-1 was expressed in the myocardium of HCM patients. We also examined whether circulating levels of MCP-1 were correlated with left ventricular dysfunction. Methods: Circulating levels of MCP-1 were measured by an enzyme immunoassay in 26 patients with HCM (60±2 years old) and 20 control subjects (57±2 years old). Cardiac function was evaluated by two-dimensional echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. Results: HCM patients had significantly elevated levels of MCP-1 (HCM: 309±30 vs. control: 178±8 pg/ml, P<.001). MCP-1 levels in patients with systolic dysfunction were significantly higher than those in patients without systolic dysfunction (P<.05) and were also significantly higher than those in patients with outflow obstruction (P<.05). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that MCP-1 was expressed in endomyocardial biopsy samples obtained from HCM patients with systolic dysfunction. Furthermore, MCP-1 levels were inversely correlated with fractional shortening (r=-.401, P<.05) and correlated with left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (r=-.579, P<.01). Conclusion: These results show that MCP-1 is associated with, and might be involved in the pathogenesis of, left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with HCM.
- Heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine