Relationship between body mass index and periodontitis in young Japanese adults

Daisuke Ekuni, T. Yamamoto, R. Koyama, M. Tsuneishi, K. Naito, K. Tobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objective: Obesity has been implicated as a risk factor for several chronic health conditions. Recent studies have reported a relationship between obesity and periodontitis, but few studies have investigated this relationship in adolescents. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between body composition (i.e. body mass index and body fat) and periodontitis in university students in Japan. Material and methods: Medical and oral health data were collected in a cross-sectional examination conducted by the Health and Environment Center of Okayama University. Students aged 18-24 years (n = 618), who were interested in receiving an oral health examination, were included in the analysis. The community periodontal index was used to assess periodontal status. Subjects with a community periodontal index score of 0-2 were considered as controls and those with a community periodontal index score of > 2 were considered to have periodontitis. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the association between body mass index and periodontitis. Results: The body mass index of all subjects was <30 kg/m 2. Age and body mass index were significantly associated with the community periodontal index. Logistic regression analysis revealed a 16% increased risk for periodontitis per 1-kg/m 2 increase in body mass index (adjusted odds ratio, 1.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.31; p <0.05). Conclusion: Body mass index could be a potential risk factor for periodontitis among healthy young individuals (i.e. those with a body mass index of <30 kg/m 2). It may be useful to include an evaluation of body mass index on a regular basis in university general and oral health examinations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-421
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

Fingerprint

Periodontitis
Young Adult
Body Mass Index
Periodontal Index
Oral Health
Oral Diagnosis
Obesity
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Students
Health
Body Composition
Adipose Tissue
Japan
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Periodontitis
  • Risk factor
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Relationship between body mass index and periodontitis in young Japanese adults. / Ekuni, Daisuke; Yamamoto, T.; Koyama, R.; Tsuneishi, M.; Naito, K.; Tobe, K.

In: Journal of Periodontal Research, Vol. 43, No. 4, 08.2008, p. 417-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ekuni, Daisuke ; Yamamoto, T. ; Koyama, R. ; Tsuneishi, M. ; Naito, K. ; Tobe, K. / Relationship between body mass index and periodontitis in young Japanese adults. In: Journal of Periodontal Research. 2008 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 417-421.
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