Regulatory effects of fibroblast growth factor-8 and tumor necrosis factor-α on osteoblast marker expression induced by bone morphogenetic protein-2

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11 Citations (Scopus)


BMP induces osteoblast differentiation, whereas a key proinflammatory cytokine, TNF-α, causes inflammatory bone damage shown in rheumatoid arthritis. FGF molecules are known to be involved in bone homeostasis. However, the effects of FGF-8 on osteoblast differentiation and the interaction between FGF-8, BMPs and TNF-α have yet to be clarified. Here we investigated the effects of FGF-8 in relation to TNF-α actions on BMP-2-induced osteoblast marker expression using myoblast cell line C2C12, osteoblast precursor cell line MC3T3-E1 and rat calvarial osteoblasts. It was revealed that FGF-8 inhibited BMP-2-induced expression of osteoblast differentiation markers, including Runx2, osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase, type-1 collagen and osterix, in a concentration-dependent manner. The inhibitory effects of FGF-8 on BMP-induced osteoblast differentiation and Smad1/5/8 activation were enhanced in the presence of TNF-α action. FGF-8 also inhibited BMP-2-induced expression of Wnt5a, which activates a non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway. FGF-8 had no significant influence on the expression levels of TNF receptors, while FGF-8 suppressed the expression of inhibitory Smad6 and Smad7, suggesting a possible feedback activity through FGF to BMP receptor (BMPR) signaling. Of note, inhibition of ERK activity and FGF receptor (FGFR)-dependent protein kinase, but not JNK or NFκB pathway, suppressed the FGF-8 actions on BMP-induced osteoblast differentiation. FGF-8 was revealed to suppress BMP-induced osteoblast differentiation through the ERK pathway and the effects were enhanced by TNF-α. Given the finding that FGF-8 expression was increased in synovial tissues of rheumatoid arthritis, the functional interaction between FGFR and BMPR signaling may be involved in the development process of inflammatory bone damage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69548
Pages (from-to)88-94
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015


  • Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)
  • Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-8
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteogenesis
  • Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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