Microtubular cytoskeletons play a crucial role in the morphogenesis of process-bearing cells, such as the neuron and the renal glomerular podocyte. Microtubules are bundled and stabilized by various microtubule-associated proteins, providing a mechanical basis to maintain the deviated morphology of cell processes. To support the process morphology, microtubules are also associated with other cytoskeletal elements such as actin and intermediate filaments. The microtubular polarity is uniformly plus-end-distal in neuronal axons, whereas in dendrites as well as in podocytes, the polarity is revealed to be non-uniform (i.e., both plus-end-distal and minus-end-distal microtubules are present in cell processes). Recently, this non-uniformity is reported to be established by a microtubule-dependent motor protein. Motor proteins are capable to drive the intracellular transport of cytoskeletal elements in addition to that of membrane vesicles. It is still an open question whether cytoskeletal elements are transported along cell processes as subunits or as polymers.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Acta Anatomica Nipponica|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1999|
- Motor proteins
- Process formation
- Renal glomerular podocyte
ASJC Scopus subject areas