Objective: To investigate the mechanism of mechanical stress-induced expression and regulation of aggrecanases and examine the role of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX-2) in chondrocyte-like cells. Methods: SW1353 cells were seeded onto stretch chambers at a concentration of 5×104cells/chamber, and a uni-axial cyclic tensile strain (CTS) (0.5Hz, 10% stretch) was applied for 30min. Total RNA was extracted, reverse transcribed, and analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR. RUNX-2 overexpression and small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting RUNX-2 were used to investigate the role of RUNX-2 in CTS-induced gene expression. The involvement of diverse mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in the activation of RUNX-2, MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5 during CTS was examined by Western blotting. Results: CTS induced expression of RUNX-2, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4, -5, and -9. Overexpression of RUNX-2 up-regulated expression of MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5, whereas RUNX-2 siRNA resulted in significant down-regulation of mechanically-induced MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5 expression. CTS induced activation of p38 MAPK, and CTS induction of RUNX-2, MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5 mRNA was down-regulated by the selective p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 but not by the p44/42 MAPK inhibitor U0126, or the JNK MAPK inhibitor JNK inhibitor II. Conclusions: RUNX-2 might have a role as a key downstream mediator of p38's ability to regulate mechanical stress-induced MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5 expression.
- Mechanical stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine