Regulation of endothelial Fas expression as a mechanism of promotion of vascular integrity by mural cells in tumors

Ryosuke Kamei, Hiroyoshi Y. Tanaka, Takao Kawano, Chiharu Morii, Sayaka Tanaka, Hiroshi Nishihara, Caname Iwata, Mitsunobu R. Kano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Angiogenesis is a multi-step process that culminates in vascular maturation whereby nascent vessels stabilize to become functional, and mural cells play an essential role in this process. Recent studies have shown that mural cells in tumors also promote and maintain vascular integrity, with wide-reaching clinical implications including the regulation of tumor growth, metastases, and drug delivery. Various regulatory signaling pathways have been hitherto implicated, but whether regulation of Fas-dependent apoptotic mechanisms is involved has not yet been fully investigated. We first compared endothelial FAS staining in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and colon carcinomas and show that the latter, characterized by lower mural cell coverage of tumor vasculature, demonstrated higher expression of FAS than the former. Next, in an in vitro coculture system of MS-1 and 10T1/2 cells as endothelial and mural cells respectively, we show that mural cells decreased endothelial Fas expression. Then, in an in vivo model in which C26 colon carcinoma cells were inoculated together with MS-1 cells alone or with the further addition of 10T1/2 cells, we demonstrate that mural cells prevented hemorrhage. Finally, knockdown of endothelial Fas sufficiently recapitulated the protection against hemorrhage seen with the addition of mural cells. These results together suggest that regulation of endothelial Fas signaling is involved in the promotion of vascular integrity by mural cells in tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1080-1088
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Science
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Fas
  • endothelial cells
  • mural cells
  • vascular integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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