Regional disparities of education levels of Japan: with special reference to university education

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The purpose of this paper is to make clear the regional disparities and longitudinal change in education levels in Japan and to analyse mechanisms of regional disparities. The results obtained are summarised as follows: the location of institutions of higher education tended to be concentrated in larger cities, especially in core regions of Japan, such as the southern Kanto and Keihanshin metropolitan area. The national educational policy played an important role in this location. In peripheral regions, students who wish to go to colleges go out to core regions because of the small capacity of institutions of higher education in their own region. On the contrary, core regions absorbed them. Return migration of university graduates decreased the disparities of higher education level between core and peripheral regions. But the regional disparities of job opportunities and quality of jobs made students stay in the core region and migrate to the core region. Since the 1970s, the institutions of higher education have increased in the peripheral region assisted by the location policy of institution of higher education. -from English summary

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto)
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Kawada, T. (1992). Regional disparities of education levels of Japan: with special reference to university education. In Jimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto) (1 ed., Vol. 44, pp. 25-46)