The turnover rate of histamine (HA) and the half-life of neuronal HA were estimated in 9 regions of the rat brain following pargyline-induced accumulation of tele-methylhistamine (t-MH). The turnover rate was the highest in the hypothalamus (108.7 ng/g/hr). The striatum also showed a high turnover rate (80.2 ng/g/hr) despite much lower levels of HA and t-MH, as compared with the levels in the hypothalamus. The turnover rate was relatively high in the thalamus, cerebral cortex, amygdala and midbrain, but it was very low in the cerebellum. t-MH accumulation in the spinal cord was nil. The HA levels were reduced to various degrees (from nil to less than 40 % of the control) by (S)-α-fluoromethylhistidine, depending on the regions studied. The neuronal HA content of each brain region was subsequently estimated, and the half-life of neuronal HA in each region was calculated. The half-life of neuronal HA was the shortest (7.7 min) in the striatum, while it was long (about 50 min) in the hypothalamus and thalamus. Half-life values of about 20 min were obtained in other regions. These results show the high levels of histaminergic activity in some parts of the telencephalon, thalamus and midbrain as well as the hypothalamus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)