Heat-stable enterotoxin II of Escherichia coli (STII) is synthesized as a precursor form consisting of pre- and mature regions. The pre-region is cleaved off from the mature region during translocation across the inner membrane, and the mature region emerges in the periplasm. The mature region, composed of 48 amino acid residues, is processed in the periplasm by DsbA to form an intramolecular disulfide bond between Cys-10 and Cys-48 and between Cys-21 and Cys-36. STII formed with these disulfide bonds is efficiently secreted out of the cell through the secretory system, including TolC. However, it remains unknown which regions of STII are involved in interaction with TolC. In this study, we mutated the STII gene and examined the secretion of these STIIs into the culture supernatant. A deletion of the part covering from amino acid residue 37 to the carboxy terminal end did not markedly reduce the efficiency of secretion of STII into the culture supernatant. On the other hand, the efficiency of secretion of the peptide covering from the amino terminal end to position 18 to the culture supernatant was significantly low. These observations indicated that the central region of STII from amino acid residue 19 to that at position 36 is involved in the secretion of STII into the milieu. The experiment using a dsbA-deficient strain of E. coli showed that the disulfide bond between Cys-21 and Cys-36 by DsbA is necessary for STII to adapt to the structure that can cross the outer membrane.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Escherichia coli
- Heat-stable enterotoxin
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