Reflectance spectroscopy (200-2500nm) of highly-reduced phases under oxygen- and water-free conditions

M. R.M. Izawa, D. M. Applin, P. Mann, M. A. Craig, E. A. Cloutis, J. Helbert, A. Maturilli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spectra of highly-reduced mineral phases from 200 to 2500. nm provide new laboratory constraints on the surfaces of asteroids and other extremely reduced solid assemblages. Synthetic oldhamite (CaS) is distinguished by high ultraviolet reflectance (which decreases toward shorter wavelengths). Oldhamite and osbornite spectra show absorption features at ~401. nm and ~436. nm, respectively. Chemically pure synthetic oldhamite is spectrally distinct from naturally-occurring oldhamite from the Norton County aubrite, possibly due to differences in minor and trace element compositions, presence or absence of inclusions, or differences in oxidation/hydration (terrestrial weathering). Iron powders at 50. nm and 10. μm nominal particle sizes, nanophase graphite, and carlsbergite (CrN) all have very low reflectivity over the 200-2500. nm wavelength range. Carlsbergite has a slight blue spectral slope in the visible and near-infrared (400-2500. nm), while the iron powders and nanophase graphite show slight red slopes over this wavelength range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1612-1617
Number of pages6
JournalIcarus
Volume226
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asteroids, composition
  • Asteroids, surfaces
  • Mercury, surface
  • Spectroscopy
  • Ultraviolet observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Izawa, M. R. M., Applin, D. M., Mann, P., Craig, M. A., Cloutis, E. A., Helbert, J., & Maturilli, A. (2013). Reflectance spectroscopy (200-2500nm) of highly-reduced phases under oxygen- and water-free conditions. Icarus, 226(2), 1612-1617. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2013.08.014