From a detailed complementation analysis of the region II che mutants of Salmonella typhimurium, we have located five che genes, cheA, cheW, cheR, cheB, and cheY. We have shown that corrections are required in the previous assignment of the mutations in four strains: both SL2514 and SL2515 which have been reported to be cheY mutants are cheR mutants, SL2539 is not a cheA but a cheW mutant, and ST171 which has been reported to be a cheZ mutant is a double mutant with defects in both cheA and cheB. Since ST171 is the only "cheZ mutant" so far isolated, the idea that the cheZ gene might play an essential role in chemotaxis in S. typhimurium as in Escherichia coli has lost its experimental basis. Furthermore, a number of deletion mutants in region II resulting from the excision of Tn 10 have been isolated and analysed. From these experiments, we propose that the gene order in region II is flaK-flaE-motA-motB-cheA-cheW-cheR-cheB-cheY-flaM-flaC, which is identical with that in E. coli.
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