Reduction of the incidence of polyspermic penetration into porcine oocytes by pretreatment of fresh spermatozoa with adenosine and a transient co-incubation of the gametes with caffeine

Hiroaki Funahashi, Raquel Romar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To reduce the incidence of polyspermic penetration, the effects of transient exposure of washed fresh spermatozoa to caffeine in a brief co-culture in vitro fertilization (IVF) system were examined. A pretreatment effect of spermatozoa with adenosine was also examined. When 5 mmol caffeine/l was supplemented during periods of co-culture and additional culture periods until 8 h after insemination, a shortened co-incubation period of gametes (30 denuded oocytes in 100 μl modified Medium 199-suspended spermatozoa at 2.5 × 105 sperm/ml) from 30 to 5 min increased the monospermy rate in total mature oocytes examined. The number of spermatozoa binding to the zona surface was significantly lower in oocytes co-cultured for 5 min (33.1 ± 2.2) than 8 h (207.6 ± 13.7). A limited exposure of gametes to 5 mmol caffeine/l only during a transient co-culture period for 5 or 30 min significantly reduced the mean number of sperm cells that penetrated into the oocyte. Transient exposure of spermatozoa to caffeine for only 5 min increased the percentage of capacitated cells but not acrosome-reacted cells, as compared with a whole exposure treatment. Furthermore, preincubation of spermatozoa with 10 μmol adenosine/l for 90 min increased both the incidence of capacitated cells and the monospermy rate and consequently decreased the number of sperm cells that penetrated into the oocyte. In conclusion, these results have demonstrated that a new transient co-incubation IVF system, in which denuded oocytes are co-cultured with spermatozoa in medium containing caffeine for 5 to 30 min and then continuing the culture in caffeine-free medium, will reduce the incidence of polyspermic penetration. Preincubation of fresh spermatozoa with adenosine before the transient co-incubation IVF can also improve the monospermy rate. Furthermore, asynchrony in the morphology of sperm nuclei in polyspermic oocytes was reduced by the pretreatment with adenosine and a brief exposure to caffeine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-800
Number of pages12
JournalReproduction
Volume128
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Cell Biology

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