Reduction of HSP70 and HSC70 Heat Shock mRNA Induction by Pentobarbital After Transient Global Ischemia in Gerbil Brain

J. Kawagoe, K. Abe, K. Kogure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: The effect of pentobarbital on the induction of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 and heat shock cognate protein (HSC) 70 mRNAs after transient global ischemia in gerbil brains was investigated by in situ hybridization using cloned cDNA probes selective for each mRNA species. In sham control brains, HSP70 mRNA was scarcely present, whereas HSC70 mRNA was present in most cell populations. After a 5‐min occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries, HSP70 and HSC70 mRNAs were induced together in several cells and were especially dense in hippocampal dentate granule cells at 3 h, but the strong hybridization of the mRNAs continued only in hippocampal CA1 cells by 2 days. At 7 days after the ischemia, CA1 neuronal cell death was apparent, and the HSP70 mRNA disappeared and HSC70 mRNA content returned to the sham level, except for in the CA1 cells. Pretreatment with pentobarbital (40 mg/kg, i.p.) greatly reduced or inhibited the induction of HSP70 and HSC70 mRNAs at both early (3‐h) and late (2‐day) phases after ischemia. The drug also prevented CA1 cell death at 7 days along with the maintenance of expression of HSC70 mRNA at the sham control level. Hypothermic effects of pentobarbital were noted at 30 and 60 min after the reperfusion, whereas at 2 h there was no statistical significance between the control and drug‐treated groups. The great reduction of HSP70 and HSC70 mRNA induction at both early and late phases after ischemia suggests that pentobarbital reduces intra‐ and/or postischemic stress and may protect CA1 cells from ischemic damage. These effects of the drug may be mainly due to its specific action rather than its hypothermic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-260
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Gerbil
  • Heat shock cognate protein
  • Heat shock protein
  • Hypothermia
  • Pentobarbital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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