Aims/Introduction: We evaluated the effect of co-administration of esaxerenone and a sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor on the magnitude of serum potassium elevation in Japanese patients with diabetic kidney disease. Materials and Methods: We carried out a prespecified subanalysis of data from two phase III studies: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria (J308); and a multicenter, single-arm, open-label trial in patients with type 2 diabetes and macroalbuminuria (J309). Changes in serum potassium levels during the studies and other measures were evaluated according to SGLT2 inhibitor use. Results: In both studies, time-course changes in serum potassium levels, and incidence rates of serum potassium elevation were lower in patients with co-administration of SGLT2 inhibitor in both the placebo and esaxerenone groups than those without the inhibitor. In contrast, time-course changes and mean percentage changes from baseline in urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio, the proportion of patients with albuminuria remission and time-course changes in blood pressure did not change with or without SGLT2 inhibitor, whereas the albumin-to-creatinine ratio and blood pressure were reduced with esaxerenone. The blood glucose-lowering effect of SGLT2 inhibitor was not affected by esaxerenone. Conclusions: In Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes and albuminuria treated with esaxerenone, concomitant use of SGLT2 inhibitor reduced the magnitude of serum potassium elevation without any change of its antihypertensive and albuminuria-suppressing effects. Co-administration of esaxerenone and SGLT2 inhibitor might be a beneficial treatment option for patients with diabetic kidney disease.
- Sodium–glucose transporter 2 inhibitor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism