Reduction in Eddy Current Loss of Special Rectangular Windings in High-Torque IPMSM Used for Wind Generator

Xianji Tao, Masatsugu Takemoto, Ren Tsunata, Satoshi Ogasawara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A special rectangular winding structure, which has different cross-sectional shape but the same cross-sectional area for each turn, has been adopted in a high-torque IPMSM used for a wind generator to improve slot factor and heat dissipation. However, large eddy current loss occurs to the rectangular windings. According to this problem, this paper proposes three improvements to reduce the eddy current loss. Among them, removing a portion of windings and replacing a portion of windings with aluminum are discussed to realize a tradeoff between eddy current and copper losses. And adjusting the tooth-tip shape is discussed to suppress the magnetic flux passing through the windings by mitigating magnetic saturation around the tooth-tip. Additionally, manufacturing costs can also be reduced by adopting a portion of aluminum windings. Moreover, a 3-step-skewed rotor structure is discussed to reduce cogging torque and lower the start-up wind speed. And its influence on losses is also discussed. Furthermore, three models adopting round windings are made and discussed for comparison. The FEM (Finite Element Method) results show that compared with the three round windings models, the proposed model still has a better performance in the reduction of windings eddy current loss. Finally, a prototype machine is manufactured to verify the FEM results, and the experimental results show that the maximum efficiency of the prototype can exceed 97.5%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4740-4751
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • concentrated windings
  • eddy current loss
  • high-torque
  • rectangular windings
  • wind generator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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