Reduced lung function and cerebral small vessel disease in japanese men: The shiga epidemiological study of subclinical atherosclerosis (SESSA)

SESSA Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: We aimed to investigate the association between reduced lung function and cerebral small vessel diseases via cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the cross-sectional study of the general Japanese population. Methods: We recruited participants aged ≥ 40 years from the general population of a single city in Japan. We clarified the comorbidities and treatments, smoking habits, second-hand smoke exposure, current alcohol consumption, education level, exercise habits, and occupation. The pulmonary function test was performed to assess the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1 ) % predicted and forced vital capacity (FVC) % predicted values. Cranial MRI was performed to evaluate the white matter lesions (WMLs) and lacunar infarcts. We examined the association of the WMLs and lacunar infarcts with a 1-standard deviation (SD) lower in the FEV 1 % predicted and FVC % predicted, on the basis of the smoking status. Results: A total of 473 men were examined. The association of WMLs and lacunar infarcts with the spirometry-based indices were significant only in never smokers. The association between lung function impairment and cerebral small vessel disease did not change after further adjusting for second-hand smoke exposure. Conclusion: In a community-based sample of Japanese men, we found an association between reduced lung function and WMLs and lacunar infarcts in never smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1009-1021
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Lacunar infarcts
  • MRI
  • Reduced lung function
  • Smoking status
  • White matter lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Reduced lung function and cerebral small vessel disease in japanese men: The shiga epidemiological study of subclinical atherosclerosis (SESSA)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this