To review a current experience of unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT) with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens, we conducted a nationwide survey with 77 patients (age, 25-68 years). The backbone RIC regimen was a combination of fludarabine or cladribine, busulfan or melphalan and total body irradiation at 2-4 Gy. Five patients died early, but 71 (92%) achieved initial neutrophil recovery. Thereafter, 36 patients (47%) died of therapy-related complications, 23 (30%) of whom died within day 100. Grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurred in 34 of the 68 evaluable patients (50%). In a multivariate analysis, a regimen containing antithymocyte globulin (ATG) was significantly associated with a decreased risk of acute GVHD (P = 0.041). Thirty-three patients are currently alive with a median follow-up of 439 days (28-2002 days), with an OS of 50% at 1 year. In conclusion, unrelated BMT with RIC regimens can be a curative treatment in a subset of patients.
- Hematologic malignancy
- Reduced-intensity conditioning
- Unrelated transplantation
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