Recycling of waste lubricant oil into chemical feedstock or fuel oil over supported iron oxide catalysts

Thallada Bhaskar, Md Azhar Uddin, Akinori Muto, Yusaku Sakata, Yoji Omura, Kenji Kimura, Yasuhisa Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recycling of waste lubricant oil from automobile industry was found to be best alternative to incineration. Silica (SiO2), alumina (Al 2O3), silica-alumina (SiO2-Al2O 3) supported iron oxide (10 wt% Fe) catalysts were prepared by wet impregnation method and used for the desulphurisation of waste lubricant oil into fuel oil. The extent of sulphur removal increases in the sequence of Fe/SiO2-Al2O3<Fe/Al2O 3<Fe/SiO2 and this might be due to the presence of smaller crystalline size (7.4 nm) of Fe2O3 in Fe/SiO 2 catalyst. X-ray diffraction results suggest the presence of iron sulphide in the used catalyst. Gas chromatography with thermal conductivity detector analysis confirms the presence of H2S in gaseous products. In addition, Fe/SiO2 catalyst facilitated the formation of lower hydrocarbons by cracking higher hydrocarbons (≈C40) present in waste lubricant oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalFuel
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Desulphurisation
  • Fuel oil
  • Iron oxide
  • Recycling
  • Waste lubricant oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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