Recovery of Caco-2 cell monolayers to normal from the transport-enhanced state induced by capric acid sodium salt and its monoacylglycerol

Motohiro Shima, Yukitaka Kimura, Shuji Adachi, Ryuichi Matsuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


Caco-2 cell monolayers were used as a model of the intestinal epithelium to investigate the recovery profile from the transport-enhanced state induced by the transport enhancers, capric acid sodium salt (C10FANa) and capric acid monoacylglycerol (C10MG). The transepithelial electrical resistance, MTT (3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release rate were investigated. The cell monolayer recovered depending on the concentration of the enhancer and on the exposure time. The MTT assay revealed that the cells recovered their mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity without proliferation. The cell monolayer exposed to C10FANa released LDH to both the apical and basolateral sides, but to C10MG, only to the apical side. The results were compared with those for SDS and taurocholic acid sodium salt, and the effect of C10FANa was found to be different. These results suggest that the damage by MCFA compounds is recoverable and that the recovery can be assessed by an MTT assay, but that the LDH-release behavior is different among the enhancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-687
Number of pages8
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes



  • Caco-2
  • Cell damage
  • LDH
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • MTT assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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