Recognition of the structure around the site of cleavage by the carboxyl-terminal processing protease for D1 precursor protein of the photosystem II reaction center

Fumiko Taguchi, Yumiko Yamamoto, Kimiyuki Satoh

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Abstract

In order to analyze the structural requirement(s) for proteolytic cleavage, synthetic oligopeptides corresponding to the carboxyl-terminal (COOH-terminal) sequence of the precursor to the D1 protein (pD1) of the photosystem II reaction center, with or without substituted side chain(s) around the cleavage site, were subjected to enzymatic analysis with partially purified processing protease from spinach. The efficiency of action as a competitive inhibitor of the enzymatic cleavage of the COOH-terminal extension, as well as the capacity to serve as a substrate, was used as an indication of effective binding to the protease. Neither a COOH-terminal fragment consisting of the 9 amino acids that are cleaved from pD1 by the protease nor a COOH-terminal fragment of the mature protein consisting of 15 amino acids inhibited the enzymatic processing of pD1. By contrast, a COOH-terminal fragment of pD1 consisting of 24 amino acids, which included the sequences of both the COOH-terminal extension and the COOH-terminal 15 amino acids of the mature protein, was effective both as a competitive inhibitor and as a substrate. This result suggests that the structure formed by linkage between these two parts of the protein moiety is important in the substrate-enzyme interaction. Among substitutions around the cleavage site, the replacement of Leu-343 by Ala (L343A) specifically destroyed the ability of the oligopeptide to serve as either a substrate or an inhibitor, suggesting that the presence of the hydrophobic Leu residue is crucial for the formation of the recognition site. A series of six substitutions at Ala-345 had marked effects on the value of Vmax, without affecting the binding affinity, as represented by Km; the order of substitutions at residue 345 in terms of their effects on Vmax was Ala, Ser, Phe, Cys > Gly > Val ≫ Pro. With a Pro residue at position 345, the oligopeptide was practically inactive as a substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10711-10716
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 5 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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