This review describes recent advances in the metabolism of cannabinoids. Cannabidiol was metabolized to cannabielsoin, 6β-hydroxymethyl-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and an oxepine derivative through epoxide intermediates by hepatic microsomal enzymes containing cytochrome P450 of animals. Cannabidiol inactivated cytochrome P450 UT-2 (CYP2C11)‡ in male rats and a member of 3A subfamily in mouse liver. These inactivations may be very important because serious drug-drug interactions will occur in the case that cannabidiol is co-administered with drugs which are metabolized mainly by the enzyme system containing these P450 isozymes. A member of cytochrome P450 belonging to 2C subfamily was the major isozymes responsible for the cannabinoid metabolism in many experimental animals and that of 3A subfamily made some contribution to the metabolism of cannabinoids by human hepatic microsomes. Microsomal aldehyde oxygenase, a particular isozyme of cytochrome P450 catalyzing the oxidation of 11-oxo-tetrahydrocannabinol to tetrahydrocannabinol-11-oic acid, was found for the first time by the authors. Cytochrome P450 MUT-2 (CYP2C29) is the major isozyme responsible for the microsomal aldehyde oxygenase activity in mouse hepatic microsomes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1995|
- Cytochrome P450
- Microsomal aldehyde oxygenase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology