Although deep trichophytic infection often occurs in immunocompromised patients, the immune deficiency in such patients has not been clarified. A 28-year-old man who suffered from recalcitrant trichophytic granuloma and tinea universalis during treatment for SLE with corticosteroid is described here to define the immunological abnormalities. In addition to routine immunological tests, we evaluated the patient's innate and specific immune functions to dermatophytes, including T cell, natural killer (NK) cell and neutrophil functions and activation of the complement cascade. We measured the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of itraconazole for the isolated fungus and its concentrations in the patient's serum and pus. Trichophyton (T.) rubrum was constantly isolated from the exudates of the patient's skin lesions, although the concentrations of itraconazole in his serum (198 ng/ml) and lesions (210 ng/ml) were sufficient to inhibit the growth of the isolated fungus in vitro. Specific cell-mediated immune responses, determined by T cell stimulation and IFN-γ production, were evoked following stimulation with trichophytic antigens. The patient's innate immunity, assessed by activation of the complement cascade and neutrophilmediated phagocytosis, was not impaired. The number of circulating NK cells was markedly decreased (0.2% of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells), and was associated with low NK cell activity against K-562 cells even though lymphopenia had improved. The deficiency of innate immunity mediated by NK cells might be responsible for a part of the persistence of trichophytic granuloma in our case.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 24 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas