Randomized trial of peginterferon alpha-2b plus low and escalating dose of ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C with high viral load genotype 1

Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Yasuyuki Araki, Hideaki Taniguchi, Ryo Ichi Okamoto, Haruhiko Kobashi, Fusao Ikeda, Yasuhiro Miyake, Akinobu Takaki, Kazuhide Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been reported that elderly patients with chronic hepatitis C infection cannot tolerate standard combination therapy. In this randomized, controlled trial, the efficacy and safety of peginterferon alpha-2b plus a low and escalating dose of ribavirin in chronic hepatitis C patients with high viral load genotype 1 were investigated. Sixty-two patients were randomized into combination therapy with standard ribavirin dosing (group 1) or low and escalating ribavirin dosing (group 2). Patients were evaluated for safety and efficacy of treatment. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of virological response between the groups throughout the treatment as well as 24 weeks after treatment. However, the response in patients ≥60 years of age was higher in group 1 than in group 2 at early treatment phase (P=0.015). The prevalence of completion of therapy in patients ≥60 years of age tended to be higher in group 2 than in group 1 (50% vs. 0%, P=0.055). There was no significant difference in dose modification of peginterferon alpha-2b between the groups. However, dose modification of ribavirin was significantly more frequent in group 1 than in group 2 (60% vs. 24%, P=0.005). These data suggest that combination therapy with low and escalating dosing of ribavirin may be safer in elderly patients than that with standard dosing of ribavirin without impairing the treatment response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-633
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Discontinuation
  • Dose modification
  • Reduction
  • Sustained virologic response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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