Randomized, Double-Blind Phase Ib/III Study of Erlotinib With Ramucirumab or Placebo in Previously Untreated EGFR-Mutant Metastatic Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer (RELAY): Phase Ib Results

Martin Reck, Edward B. Garon, Luis Paz-Ares, Santiago Ponce, Jesus Corral Jaime, Oscar Juan, Ernest Nadal, Katsuyuki Kiura, Ryan C. Widau, Shuang He, Rita Dalal, Pablo Lee, Kazuhiko Nakagawa

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We conducted safety, exposure, and progression-free survival analyses of patients in part A (phase 1b) of RELAY, a randomized, double-blind, phase Ib/III study investigating ramucirumab-erlotinib in treatment-naive epidermal growth factor receptor-mutant stage IV non–small-cell lung cancer. Overall, ramucirumab-erlotinib showed no unexpected safety concerns and encouraging clinical activity. Phase III enrollment was initiated, maintaining ramucirumab at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with erlotinib at 150 mg/d. Background: Despite the likelihood of an initial response to an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), EGFR-mutant non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients develop disease progression. Antiangiogenic agents in combination with an EGFR TKI might provide additional benefit in patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC. In this article we report safety, exposure, and progression-free survival (PFS) results for part A (phase Ib) of RELAY, a randomized, double-blind, phase Ib/III study investigating safety and efficacy of erlotinib (EGFR TKI) with ramucirumab (anti-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 antibody) or placebo in first-line EGFR-mutant stage IV NSCLC. Patients and Methods: Eligible patients had untreated stage IV NSCLC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 1, and activating EGFR mutation (exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution). Patients received ramucirumab 10 mg/kg on day 1 of a repeating 14-day cycle and erlotinib 150 mg/d. Treatment continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary objective was to assess safety and tolerability, in terms of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), during the first 2 cycles. Results: Fourteen patients were treated and 12 were evaluable for DLTs. One patient experienced a DLT of Grade 3 elevated alanine aminotransferase during the DLT assessment period. Adverse events were reported in all patients, but were generally mild and manageable. The most common Grade 3 adverse events were hypertension, rash, and diarrhea. No serious or Grade 4 to 5 events occurred. Median PFS was 17.1 months (95% confidence interval, 8.8-not reached). Five patients continue receiving study treatment. Conclusion: Ramucirumab with erlotinib showed no unexpected toxicities and encouraging clinical activity in part A. Phase III enrollment has been initiated, maintaining ramucirumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with erlotinib 150 mg/d.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-220.e4
JournalClinical Lung Cancer
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2018



  • Antiangiogenic
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • First-line
  • NCT02411448
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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