Although radon inhalation increases superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in mouse organs, the mechanisms and pathways have not yet been fully clarified. The aim of this study was to determine the details of SOD activation in mouse brain tissue following the inhalation of radon at concentrations of 500 or 2000 Bq/m3 for 24 h. After inhalation, brains were removed quickly for analysis. Radon inhalation increased the manganese (Mn)- SOD level and mitochondrial SOD activity. However, the differences were not significant. There were no changes in the Cu/Zn-SOD level or cytosolic SOD activity. Radon inhalation increased the brain nuclear factor (NF)-κB content, which regulates the induction of Mn-SOD, in the nuclear and cytosolic compartments. The level of inhibitor of nuclear factor κB kinase subunit β (IKK-β), which activates NF-κB, was slightly increased by radon inhalation. The expression of cytoplasmic ataxia-telangiectasia mutated kinase in mice inhaling radon at 500 Bq/m3 was 50% higher than in control mice. In addition, NF-κB-inducing kinase was slightly increased after inhaling radon at 2000 Bq/m3. These findings suggest that radon inhalation might induce Mn-SOD protein via NF-κB activation that occurs in response to DNA damage and oxidative stress.
- Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated kinase
- NF-κB-inducing kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis