Objectives: To examine radiographically the relationship between the deciduous tooth and dentigerous cyst of the permanent successor during the transitional dentition. Methods: From a retrospective review of all patients who visited our institution from April 1988 to August 2001, 70 patients under 16 years of age who had histologically confirmed dentigerous cysts that had developed from the central incisor to the second premolar were identified. These 70 patients were investigated using panoramic and periapical radiographs. Results: In most cases (54 cases; 77.1%) the cyst was in the premolar region. Of the 54 premolars with dentigerous cysts, the overlying deciduous tooth had already been lost in 7 cases. Of the 47 remaining premolars with associated deciduous tooth, 35 (74.5%) had bone resorption of the periapical or bifurcation region, or irregular resorption of the associated deciduous tooth. Of the remaining 12 deciduous teeth with no periapical lesions, 9 had been treated with root canal therapy. Thus, 44 of these 47 cases (93.6%) had the possibility of inflammation at the deciduous tooth associated with the dentigerous cyst. Evidence from one case in the present study suggesting the process by which cyst development occurs is also given. Conclusion: Inflammatory change at the apex of the deciduous tooth may bring on a dentigerous cyst of the permanent successor.
- Deciduous tooth
- Inflammatory dentigerous cyst
- Permanent successor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging