Radioactivity of ybco and bi-2223 tapes under low energy neutron flux

Hiroshi Ueda, Atsushi Ishiyama, Nobuyuki Miyahara, Naoji Kashima, Shigeo Nagaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quality of high-temperature superconductors (HTSs) is rapidly increasing, and they can be used in power systems such as SMES systems and in industries as Si single-crystal growth pullers. In the future, HTS conductors are expected to be used for the magnets in nuclear fusion reactors or accelerators. In such applications, HTS conductors will be exposed to radiation. As a result, HTS conductors become radioactive making the operation and maintenance of the reactors or accelerators difficult; this also leads to an increase in the amount of nuclear waste generated. Therefore, we carry out experiments on the radiation damage in HTS conductors to study the characteristics of HTS conductors in radiation environments and to create an industrial database of the radiation effects on HTSs. We also carry out radioactive analyses on HTS conductors in order to clarify the relationship between the irradiation dose and the activity of HTS conductors. In this study, we prepared YBCO and Bi-2223 tapes and carried out the following preliminary experiments: (a) irradiation of the sample HTS tapes with 2-MeV neutrons at room temperature without transport current and (b) study of neutron-induced radioactivity by gamma-ray spectrometry using a Ge detector after the irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5067225
Pages (from-to)2872-2876
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

High temperature superconductors
Neutron flux
Radioactivity
flux (rate)
radioactivity
high temperature superconductors
Tapes
tapes
conductors
energy
Irradiation
irradiation
Particle accelerators
Neutrons
accelerators
Radioactive Waste
Radiation
neutrons
fusion reactors
Radiation effects

Keywords

  • I degradation
  • Radioactive analyses
  • Ts conductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Radioactivity of ybco and bi-2223 tapes under low energy neutron flux. / Ueda, Hiroshi; Ishiyama, Atsushi; Miyahara, Nobuyuki; Kashima, Naoji; Nagaya, Shigeo.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 19, No. 3, 5067225, 06.2009, p. 2872-2876.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ueda, Hiroshi ; Ishiyama, Atsushi ; Miyahara, Nobuyuki ; Kashima, Naoji ; Nagaya, Shigeo. / Radioactivity of ybco and bi-2223 tapes under low energy neutron flux. In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2009 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 2872-2876.
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