Quantitative trait loci for whiteness of cooked rice detected in improved rice cultivars in Hokkaido

Hiroshi Shinada, Toshio Yamamoto, Eiji Yamamoto, Kiyosumi Hori, Yuji Hirayama, Toshihiko Maekawa, Hitoshi Kiuchi, Hirokazu Sato, Takashi Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Improving the eating quality of cooked rice has been one of the most important objectives in rice breeding programs. Eating quality of cooked rice is a complex trait including several components, such as external appearance, taste, aroma, and texture. Therefore, dissection of these components followed by marker-assisted selection of detected QTL(s) may be a useful approach for achieving desirable eating quality in rice breeding. Whiteness of cooked rice (WCR) is an important factor related to the external appearance of cooked rice. WCR is known to be associated with the amylose and protein contents of the endosperm. However, the genetic basis of WCR remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated phenotypic variation in WCR among recently developed rice cultivars from Hokkaido, Japan. Then, we developed doubled haploid lines (DHLs) derived from a cross between two cultivars from Hokkaido, Joiku No. 462 (high WCR) and Jokei06214 (low WCR). Using the DHLs, we detected two QTLs for WCR, qWCR3 and qWCR11, on chromosomes 3 and 11, respectively. We also examined the dosage effect of the two QTLs based on both the categorized segregants in the DHLs and the relationship between the WCR phenotype and inheritance around the QTL regions in cultivars from Hokkaido.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-207
Number of pages7
JournalBreeding Science
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Eating quality
  • Oryza sativa L
  • Rice breeding programs
  • Whiteness of cooked rice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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  • Cite this

    Shinada, H., Yamamoto, T., Yamamoto, E., Hori, K., Hirayama, Y., Maekawa, T., Kiuchi, H., Sato, H., & Sato, T. (2015). Quantitative trait loci for whiteness of cooked rice detected in improved rice cultivars in Hokkaido. Breeding Science, 65(3), 201-207. https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.65.201