Quantitative genotyping for the astringency locus in hexaploid persimmon cultivars using quantitative real-time PCR

Takashi Akagi, Yumi Takeda, Keizo Yonemori, Ayako Ikegami, Atsushi Kono, Masahiko Yamada, Shinya Kanzaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) is generally hexaploid, and a single AST locus controls the pollinationconstant non-astringency trait on each of six corresponding chromosomes. The pollination-constant non-astringent (PCNA) genotype is nulliplex and requires homozygous recessive alleles (ast) at the AST locus. There are several nonPCNA cultivars/selections that could be cross parents; however, the probability of yielding nulliplex offspring depends on the number of recessive alleles (ast). In genotyping for the AST locus in hexaploid persimmon, in contrast to the situation in diploid plants, we need to detect the AST/ast allele dosage; this cannot be detected by common codominant markers. In this study, we detected the allele dosage of Mast, which is a marker allele strongly linked to the ast allele among cultivars, by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) using three reference sites, actin (DkAct), anthocyanin reductase (DkANR), and L5R, whose sequences are conserved in the genome of persimmon cultivars. Based on the allele dosage of the Mast, AST/ast genotypes were estimated for 63 non-astringent cultivars/ selections, of which only five cultivars/selections were estimated to be simplex or duplex. The quantitative genotyping method using qPCR may be generally effective for polyploid plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Volume135
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allele dosage
  • Diospyros kaki
  • Polyploid plant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Horticulture

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