Quantitative Determination of Relative Permittivity Based on the Fluorescence Property of Pyrene Derivatives: An Interpretation of Hydrophobicity in Self-Assembled Aggregates of Nonionic Amphiphiles

Keita Hayashi, Haruna Sugimura, Toshiyuki Kamei, Toshinori Shimanouchi, Hidemi Nakamura, Hiroshi Umakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aggregates in aqueous solutions can embed hydrophobic molecules, and their interactions depend on the properties of the aggregates. The electric surface potential, molecular mobility, and gradual hydrophobicity are the properties that regulate the interactions, and it is essential to understand these to quantify the properties. Electric surface potential and molecular mobility are quantified using the zeta potential and NMR measurements. In this study, the quantification of gradual hydrophobicity within the aggregate based on the relative permittivity, also called the dielectric constant, has been estimated from fluorescence spectra of pyrene-dicarboxylic acid conjugates. The localization of the pyrene moiety was modified by conjugation with succinic acid, suberic acid, or dodecanedioic acid, and the conjugates were evaluated in the shallow, middle, and deep regions of the aggregates. Span and Tween surfactants have been employed to prepare these aggregates, because they form various kinds of aggregates such as micelles and vesicles. It was realized that the hydrophobicity gradually increased from the interface to the hydrophobic core. Alternatively, a comparison of hydrophobicity within the aggregates showed no remarkable difference. Moreover, the analyses suggested that there are a few water molecules in the deep region. These results support the idea of the localization of embedded molecules in aggregates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6192-6200
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume125
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 17 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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