Quantitative analysis of p53-targeted gene expression and visualization of p53 transcriptional activity following intratumoral administration of adenoviral p53 in vivo

Shoichiro Ohtani, Shunsuke Kagawa, Yasuhisa Tango, Tatsuo Umeoka, Naoyuki Tokunaga, Yousuke Tsunemitsu, Jack A. Roth, Yoichi Taya, Noriaki Tanaka, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

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Abstract

To analyze the mechanism of the antitumor effect of an adenoviral vector expressing the p53 tumor suppressor (Ad-p53) in vivo, we quantitatively assessed p53-targeted gene expression and visualized transcriptional activity of p53 in tumors in nude mice treated with Ad-p53. Human lung cancer (H1299) xenografts established in nude mice were treated by intratumoral administration of Ad-p53. The levels of expression of exogenous p53 and p53-targeted genes p21, MDM2, Noxa, and p53AIP1 were quantified by real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and induction of apoptosis was observed histochemically on days 1-3, 7, and 14 after treatment. Expression of mRNA of exogenous p53 and p53-targeted genes (except p53AIP1) was at its maximum 1 day after Ad-p53 treatment and then decreased rapidly; apoptosis was evident in situ 2-3 days after treatment. We developed a noninvasive and simple method for monitoring the transcriptional activity of exogenous p53 following intratumoral administration of Ad-p53 in nude mice. We established H1299 cells that express the green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter gene under the control of p53-responsive p21 promoter (i.e., the p53R-GFP reporter system). Xenografts of these cells in nude mice were treated by intratumoral administration of Ad-p53, and the transcriptional activity of exogenous p53 could be visualized as intratumoral GFP expression in real time by 3-CCD camera. Expression of GFP was maximal 3 days after treatment and decreased remarkably by 7 days after treatment. We demonstrated that Ad-p53 treatment rapidly induced p53-targeted genes and apoptosis in tumors and succeeded in visualizing p53 transcriptional activity in vivo. We also found that Ad-p53 infection induced phosphorylation of p53 at Ser46 in p-53 infection H1299 cells in vitro but not in p53-resistant H22Br cells, suggesting that phosphorylation of Ser46 is involved in p53-dependent apoptosis. Our data indicate that quantitative analysis of p53-targeted gene expression by real-time quantitative RT-PCR and visualization of p53 transcriptional activity in fresh xenografts by using the p53R-GFP reporter system may be useful in assessing the mechanisms of the antitumor effects of Ad-p53 and novel therapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

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p53 Genes
Green Fluorescent Proteins
Nude Mice
Gene Expression
Heterografts
Apoptosis
Reverse Transcription
Phosphorylation
Noxae
Neoplasms
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Infection
Reporter Genes
Lung Neoplasms
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Quantitative analysis of p53-targeted gene expression and visualization of p53 transcriptional activity following intratumoral administration of adenoviral p53 in vivo. / Ohtani, Shoichiro; Kagawa, Shunsuke; Tango, Yasuhisa; Umeoka, Tatsuo; Tokunaga, Naoyuki; Tsunemitsu, Yousuke; Roth, Jack A.; Taya, Yoichi; Tanaka, Noriaki; Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi.

In: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, Vol. 3, No. 1, 01.2004, p. 93-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ohtani, Shoichiro ; Kagawa, Shunsuke ; Tango, Yasuhisa ; Umeoka, Tatsuo ; Tokunaga, Naoyuki ; Tsunemitsu, Yousuke ; Roth, Jack A. ; Taya, Yoichi ; Tanaka, Noriaki ; Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi. / Quantitative analysis of p53-targeted gene expression and visualization of p53 transcriptional activity following intratumoral administration of adenoviral p53 in vivo. In: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. 2004 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 93-100.
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AU - Roth, Jack A.

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AU - Tanaka, Noriaki

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