PURPOSE: Recent years, CT on rail system was reported to be useful as a tool for image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). This system was clinically developed with the aim of stereotactic irradiation (STI) for brain, lung, liver, prostate and other sites. Quality assurance and quality control (QC) is an important issue in CT on rail system to assure geometric accuracies. The purpose of this study is to estimate the geometric accuracies of our CT on rail system using a detachable micro-multi leaf collimator (mMLC) with new type radiochromic films. Carrying out our original QC program, translational errors, setup reproducibility, beam misalignment and beam characteristics were evaluated. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We have studied with CT on rail system (FOCAL unit, Toshiba Medical systems, Tokyo, Japan) and mMLC unit (Accuknife, Direx Inc., Tokyo, Japan). We have developed original alignment phantom and small steel markers (2 mm phi) were implanted on its surface at certain intervals. Firstly, we have evaluated the accuracy of self-moving CT gantry and CT resolutions for cranio-caudal directions by changing slice thickness. And then using the phantom, we have measured the accuracy and reproducibility of geometric isocenter of the linac side and the CT gantry side by scanning the phantom. We have also measured the geometric changes of the common treatment couch by weight-loaded test (up to 135 kgw). To estimate dosimetric and geometric accuracies with the mMLC unit, the misalignment of the beam axes (gantry, collimator and couch rotation axis), mMLC leaf positions, and dose distributions for the verification plan were measured with new type GafChromic films (GafChromic-RTQA, ISP Inc., USA) and cylindrical phantom. The dose characteristics of the GafChromic film were also evaluated. RESULTS: The reproducibility of the self-moving CT gantry have a good agreement within 1 mm. Weight-load test have shown a good reliability within 2 mm at the common treatment couch. The translational precision of the common treatment couch was 0.0 +/- 0.1 mm at linac side and -0.2 +/- 0.5 mm at CT gantry side. The misalignments of beam axes have been kept within 0.4 mm at maximum. Gap test have shown the accuracies of the mMLC leaf positions, which is needed to keep within 1 mm by a routine calibration. CONCLUSIONS: To practice quality control program for the FOCAL unit and the mMLC unit is essential for a regular interval to reduce systematic errors. New type radiochromic film would be useful for a verification tool as alternative to conventional film.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - May 20 2006|