QTL analysis of agronomic traits in barley based on the doubled haploid progeny of two elite North American varieties representing different germplasm groups

L. A. Marquez-Cedillo, P. M. Hayes, A. Kleinhofs, W. G. Legge, B. G. Rossnagel, K. Sato, S. E. Ullrich, D. M. Wesenberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    104 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A better understanding of the genetics of complex traits, such as yield, may be achieved by using molecular tools. This study was conducted to estimate the number, genome location, effect and allele phase of QTLs determining agronomic traits in the two North American malting barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) quality variety standards. Using a doubled haploid population of 140 lines from the cross of two-rowed Harrington×six-rowed Morex, agronomic phenotypic data sets from nine environments, and a 107-marker linkage map, we performed QTL analyses using simple interval mapping and simplified composite interval mapping procedures. Thirty-five QTLs were associated, either across environments or in individual environments, with five grain and agronomic traits (yield, kernel plumpness, test weight, heading date, and plant height). Significant QTL×environment interaction was detected for all traits. These interactions resulted from both changes in the magnitude of response and changes in the sign of the allelic effect. QTLs for multiple traits were coincident. The vrs1 locus on chromosome 2 (2H), which determines inflorescence row type, was coincident with the largest-effect QTL determining four traits (yield, kernel plumpness, test weight, and plant height). QTL analyses were also conducted separately for each sub-population (six-rowed and two-rowed). Seven new QTLs were detected in the sub-populations. Positive transgressive segregants were found for all traits, but they were more prevalent in the six-rowed sub-population. QTL analysis should be useful for identifying candidate genes and introgressing favorable alleles between germplasm groups.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)625-637
    Number of pages13
    JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
    Volume103
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

    Keywords

    • Agronomic traits
    • Hordeum vulgare
    • Quantitative trait loci
    • Six-rowed
    • Two-rowed

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Agronomy and Crop Science
    • Genetics

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