α-Ketobutyrate decarboxylase encoded in the L-methionine catabolism operon of Pseudomonas putida is homologous with the E1 component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex from gram-negative bacteria. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity from the cell extract of an Escherichia coli transformant. The purified enzyme was homodimeric with a subunit of Mr 93,000 on SDS-PAGE. The enzyme activity was activated by the addition of both thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) and a divalent cation, such as Mg2+, Mn 2+, and Co2+. The enzyme showed high activity for α-ketobutyrate and α-keto-n-valerate rather than pyruvate, but the α-keto acids with increasing length of the side chain as well as branching, such as α-keto-n-caproate and α-keto-3-methylvalerate, were not used by the enzyme. The Km values for α-ketobutyrate and pyruvate were 0.016 and 0.147mM, respectively, and the k cat/Km value (10.69s-1mM-1) for α-ketobutyrate was 29-fold greater than that for pyruvate. Thus, α-ketobutyrate decarboxylase is distinguished from the pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component with respect to the substrate specificity, although their structural and enzymological properties were similar. These results suggest that the unique substrate specificity of α-ketobutyrate decarboxylase is due to a slight difference in the highly conserved active sites of both enzymes.
- Propionyl coenzyme A
- Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component
- α-Ketobutyrate decarboxylase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology