A high molecular weight (HMW) acid phosphatase from the body wall of sea cucumber Stichopus japonicus was purified to homogeneity by a combination of anion exchange chromatography, gel filtration chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The enzyme was purified 19.3-fold with a total yield of 1.2%. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the purified enzyme showed a single protein band of MW 147.9 kDa. The enzyme displayed maximum activity at pH 4.0 and 50 °C with p-nitrophenyl phosphate as substrate. The enzyme activity appeared to be stable over pH 2.0-5.0 and up to 40 °C. The enzyme activity was enhanced slightly by Mg2+, whereas inhibited strongly by Cu2+ and Zn2+. The enzyme hydrolyzes several phosphate esters, suggesting a probable non-specific nature. The amino acid sequences of three segments of the purified enzyme were analyzed by mass spectroscopy, which did not have any homology with previously described acid phosphatase.
- Acid phosphatase
- Amino acid sequences
- Sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology