We have conducted laser processing of ultrahard nano-polycrystalline and single crystalline diamonds (NPD, SCD, respectively) using nano-pulsed near-ultraviolet laser, and the machining properties were compared through microstructural examinations by SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy. The cut depth of the laser-cut grooves was observed to be deeper for the NPD than for the SCD. This is probably due to the lower thermal conductivity feature of NPD, which provides higher absorption efficiency of the laser energy and decreases the laser ablation threshold. TEM cross-section observation showed that the processed grooves in the both types of diamonds are covered with identical laser-modified layers (~ 1 μm thick) composed of roughly oriented nanocrystalline graphite. A marked difference was observed between the laser-processed surfaces of NPD and SCD: in the former the diamond-graphite interface is almost linear and undamaged, whereas in the latter the boundary is slightly folded and significantly distorted. These textural features suggest that different laser-machining processes are involved between NPD and SCD in the microscopic scale. Our results demonstrate that pulsed laser can be used even more effectively for the fabrication of nano-polycrystalline diamond than the case for single crystal diamond.
- Superhard materials
- Synthetic diamond
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering