Pulpal response to mineral trioxide aggregate containing phosphorylated pullulan-based capping material

Yu Toida, Shimpei Kawano, Rafiqul Islam, Fu Jiale, A. F.M.A. Chowdhury, Shuhei Hoshika, Yasushi Shimada, Junji Tagami, Masahiro Yoshiyama, Satoshi Inoue, Ricardo M. Carvalho, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Hidehiko Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the pulpal responses of monkey’s pulp after direct pulp capping (DPC) with the novel mineral trioxide aggregate containing phosphorylated pullulan-based material (MTAPPL). Seventy-two teeth were randomly divided into four groups: MTAPPL; Nex-Cem MTA (NX); TheraCal LC (TH); and Dycal (DY). Histopathological changes in the pulps were observed at days 3, 7 and 70. On day 3, mild inflammatory responses were observed in the MTAPPL, no to moderate inflammatory responses in the TH, whereas moderate inflammatory responses in the NX and DY. No mineralized tissue formation (MTF) was observed in all groups. On day 7, no or mild inflammatory responses were observed in all groups. Initial MTF was observed except for DY. No inflammation with complete MTF including presence of odontoblast-like cells was observed in the MTAPPL, NX and TH groups at day 70. These findings indicate that MTAPPL could be an efficient DPC material.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdmj/2021-153
Pages (from-to)126-133
Number of pages8
JournalDental materials journal
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Calcium hydroxide
  • Direct pulp capping
  • Mineral trioxide aggregate
  • Phosphorylated pullulan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Dentistry(all)

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