Objective: There is a close relationship between upper and lower respiratory tract diseases. Chronic rhinosinusitis patients frequently have lung diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis is considered a refractory and intractable subtype of chronic rhinosinusitis. However, there has been no report on pulmonary function in patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis. The purpose of this study is to examine the pulmonary function in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis patients and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis patients, and evaluate clinical factors associated with the pulmonary function of these patients. Methods: Pulmonary function was measured in 53 patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with asthma, 58 patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis without asthma, and 30 patients with non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis. The diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis was based on the definition in the European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EPOS) 2012. Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis was diagnosed based on the Japanese Epidemiological Survey of Refractory Eosinophilic Chronic Rhinosinusitis (JESREC) scoring system. The relationship between pulmonary function and clinical parameters was assessed. These parameters included radiographic severity of chronic rhinosinusitis, peripheral blood eosinophil percentage, serum total immunoglobulin E level, and eosinophilic infiltration in nasal polyps. Results: The pulmonary function of the patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis was significantly affected. The eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis patients had more peripheral airway obstruction as compared to the patients with non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis. Conclusion: Our findings indicated latent obstructive lung function changes in the eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis patients. The patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis should be carefully monitored in order to detect lung diseases.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Lung function
ASJC Scopus subject areas