Psychosocial determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption in a Japanese population

Da Hong Wang, Michiko Kogashiwa, Naoko Mori, Shikibu Yamashita, Wakako Fujii, Nobuo Ueda, Hiroto Homma, Hisao Suzuki, Noriyoshi Masuoka

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is limited evidence in Japan regarding the psychosocial determinants of fruit/vegetable intake. We performed a cross-sectional study of people aged 18 years or older in four regions of Japan; 2308 (men: 1012, women: 1296) individuals who completed the questionnaires were included.We found that 24.8% of people were aware of the current recommendations for vegetables and 13.2% for fruit and that “ability to design meals” and “availability when eating outside of the home” were the most important factors related to self-efficacy and barriers to fruit and vegetable intake, respectively. People with high self-efficacy (OR: 3.16; 95% CI: 2.17, 4.60 for fruit; OR: 4.52; 95% CI: 3.08, 6.64 for vegetables) were more likely to consume more fruit and vegetables. People with high scores on attitude (OR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.06, 2.24) and social support (OR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.11, 2.27) were more likely to consume more fruit. People with high perceived barriers (OR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.98) were less likely to consume fruit. This study suggests a need to increase the general population’s awareness of the fruit and vegetable intake recommendations; facilitating positive attitudes, self-efficacy, and social support for individuals and strengthening the ability of individuals to design meals with more vegetables and fruit might be useful intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number786
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2016

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Keywords

  • Attitude
  • Fruit
  • Perceived barrier
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Responsibility
  • Self-efficacy
  • Vegetables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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