Proton migration in portlandite inferred from activation energy of self-diffusion and potential energy curve of OH bond

Naoki Noguchi, Keiji Shinoda

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6 Citations (Scopus)


A fundamental mechanism on the atomic level for self-diffusion in the proton layer of portlandite, Ca(OH)2, was investigated by conducting hydrogen-deuterium (H-D) exchange diffusion experiments and by deriving potential energy curves of OH vibrations from optical absorption measurements. Synthetic single crystals of portlandite were used in H-D experiments between 250 and 450°C at 150 MPa. Arrhenius parameters for proton diffusion perpendicular to the c-axis gave a frequency factor of 1.0 × 10-10 m2/s and activation energy of 0.61 eV (58.5 kJ/mol). The activation energy corresponds to the height of the potential barrier between two oxygen atoms across an interlayer. The potential barrier height was also theoretically estimated using the OH potential energy curve (OH-PEC) determined by optical absorption measurements. Experimental and theoretical results suggest that the potential barrier height cannot be simply determined by overlapping two OH-PECs. The potential barrier derived theoretically was 3. 11 eV. This is too high for the activation energy of the proton diffusion. It implies that the interaction between a diffusing proton and the vacancy of a proton site, and the shortening of interlayer oxygen distance by thermal vibration reduce the potential barrier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-370
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2010



  • Activation energy of diffusion
  • Micro Raman spectroscopy
  • OH potential energy curve
  • Portlandite
  • Self-diffusion of proton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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