Pharaonis halorhodopsin (pHR) functions as a light-driven inward chloride ion pump in Natoronomonas pharaonis, while pharaonis phoborhodopsin (ppR; also called pharaonis sensory rhodopsin II, pSRII), is a light sensor for negative phototaxis. ppR forms a 2:2 complex with its cognate transducer protein (pHtrII) through intramembranous hydrogen bonds: Tyr199ppR-Asn74 pHtrII and Thr189ppR-Glu43pHtrII, Ser62 pHtrII. It was reported that a pHR mutant (P240T / F250Y), which possesses the hydrogen-bonding sites, impairs its pumping activity upon complexation with pHtrII. In this study, effect of the complexation with pHtrII on the structural changes upon formation of the K, L1 and L 2 intermediates of pHR was investigated by use of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The vibrational changes of Tyr250pHR and Asn74pHtrII were detected for the L1 and L2 intermediates, supporting that Tyr250pHR forms a hydrogen bond with Asn74pHtrII as similarly to Tyr199ppR. The conformational changes of the retinal chromophore were never affected by complexation with pHtrII, but amide-I vibrations were clearly different in the absence and presence of pHtrII. The molecular environment around Asp156pHR in helix D is also slightly affected. These additional structural changes are probably related to blocking of translocation of a chloride ion from the extracellular to the cytoplasmic side during the photocycle.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry