Protective effects of exercise preconditioning on hindlimb unloading-induced atrophy of rat soleus muscle

H. Fujino, A. Ishihara, S. Murakami, T. Yasuhara, H. Kondo, S. Mohri, I. Takeda, R. R. Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: A chronic decrease in the activation and loading levels of skeletal muscles as occurs with hindlimb unloading (HU) results in a number of detrimental changes. Several proteolytic pathways are involved with an increase in myofibrillar protein degradation associated with HU. Exercise can be used to counter this increase in proteolytic activity and, thus, may be able to protect against some of the detrimental changes associated with chronic decreased use. The purpose of the present study was to determine the potential of a single bout of preconditioning endurance exercise in attenuating the effects of 2 weeks of HU on the mass, phenotype and force-related properties of the soleus muscle in adult rats. Methods: Male Wistar rats were subjected to HU for 2 weeks. One half of the rats performed a single bout of treadmill exercise for 25 min immediately prior to the 2 weeks of HU. Results: Soleus mass, maximum tetanic tension, myofibrillar protein content, fatigue resistance and percentage of type I (slow) myosin heavy chain were decreased in HU rats. In addition, markers for the cathepsin, calpain, caspase and ATP-ubiquitin-proteasome proteolytic pathways were increased. The preconditioning endurance exercise bout attenuated all of the detrimental changes associated with HU, and increased HSP72 mRNA expression and protein levels. Conclusion: These findings indicate that exercise preconditioning may be an effective countermeasure to the detrimental effects of chronic decreases in activation and loading levels on skeletal muscles and that an elevation in HSP72 may be one of the mechanisms associated with these responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalActa Physiologica
Volume197
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Heat shock protein
  • Isometric contractile properties
  • Myofibrillar protein
  • Myosin heavy chain isoform
  • Proteolytic pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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