Prostaglandin levels in peripheral and follicular plasma, the isolated theca and granulosa layers of pre- and postovulatory follicles, and the myometrium and mucosa of the shell gland (uterus) during a midsequence-oviposition of the hen (Gallus domesticus).

N. Saito, K. Sato, K. Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prostaglandins (PG) F and E were measured by radioimmunoassay in peripheral, uterine and follicular plasma and in the theca and granulosa layers of the five largest preovulatory and the three largest postovulatory follicles, and in the myometrium and mucosa. Plasma and tissues were collected 16, 12, 8 and 4 h before and immediately after a midsequence oviposition that was accompanied by the next ovulation. PGF concentrations in the peripheral and uterine plasma increased at oviposition with a concomitant, 16-fold increase in plasma PGF concentrations of the largest preovulatory (F1) follicle. There was a gradual increase in PGF concentrations in the theca layers during follicular maturation, with the large increases occurring 12 h before oviposition in most follicles. The highest and the second highest concentrations were observed at oviposition in the F1 and the largest postovulatory (R1) follicles. In contrast, there were no specific changes in PGF concentrations in the granulosa layers of the follicles in relation to oviposition or follicular maturation. PGE concentrations in the theca layers of the F2 and F1 follicles were greater than in other follicles, while concentrations in the granulosa layer of all the follicles remained low. PGF concentrations in the myometrium and mucosa increased 8 h before oviposition but abruptly decreased at oviposition. These results suggest that the primary source of the increase in plasma PGF at oviposition are the theca layers of the F1 and R1 follicles and that PGs may be involved in uterine contractions for oviposition and in the ovulation process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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