BACKGROUND AND AIM: A 'resect and discard' strategy using non-magnifying narrow band imaging (N-NBI) has been proposed for reducing screening colonoscopy costs, but it does not take into consideration advanced histology and magnifying NBI (M-NBI) that can potentially further improve the 'resect and discard' strategy. We conducted a pilot study to investigate the feasibility of M-NBI for the new 'resect and discard' strategy with consideration for advanced histology.
METHODS: The present study involved 63 patients. For each polyp, optical diagnosis was independently made using N-NBI and M-NBI, a decision (discard or send for pathology) was made based on the M-NBI findings, and histological and optical diagnosis results were compared.
RESULTS: Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy (95% confidence interval) of M-NBI for lesions with advanced histology were 1.00 (0.36-1.00), 0.92 (0.91-0.92) and 0.92 (0.90-0.92), respectively. Whereas the management of 86% of small polyps could be decided without formal histopathology, lesions with advanced histology were not discarded using M-NBI. The diagnostic accuracy of M-NBI in distinguishing neoplastic from non-neoplastic lesions was higher than that of N-NBI.
CONCLUSIONS: We propose a new resect and discard strategy with advanced histology using M-NBI that is a promising strategy to reduce the costs of histopathology and to minimize the risk of discarding important lesions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Digestive endoscopy : official journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2014|
- colon polyp surveillance
- colorectal neoplasm
- narrow band imaging
- resect and discard
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging