Prone position is essential for detection of pulmonary vein pseudostenosis by enhanced multidetector computed tomography in patients who undergo pulmonary vein isolation

Hirosuke Yamaji, Kazuyoshi Hina, Hiroshi Kawamura, Takashi Murakami, Masaaki Murakami, Keizo Yamamoto, Atsushi Hirohata, Toru Miyoshi, Satoshi Hirohata, Shozo Kusachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis is a major complication of PV isolation (PVI) by catheter ablation, so in the present study the optimal position for detecting PV stenosis on enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) image acquisition was determined. Methods and Results: The 64-slice enhanced MDCT was carried out before and after PVI in 116 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation while they were in the prone position, as well as while supine. The supine position MDCT image showed >50% diameter stenosis of the PV in 11 (9%) patients before PVI (% diameter stenosis: mean 55±4%, range 51-65%). Greater than 50% diameter stenosis was seen in the left inferior PV in all 11 patients. The prone position attenuated the PV stenosis findings in the MDCT images in all 11 patients (mean 9±6%, range 2-18%). Stenosis visualized on images acquired in the supine position was, therefore, concluded to be pseudostenosis caused by descending aorta compression. At 3 months after PVI, no significant changes in PV diameter were observed in these 11 patients. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that the prone position is essential for eliminating PV pseudostenosis observed on supine-position enhanced MDCT images. The results also indicate that preexisting PV organic stenosis is rare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1460-1464
Number of pages5
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Catheter ablation
  • Complication
  • Pulmonary vein
  • Radiology
  • Stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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