Prognostic value of loss of heterozygosity around three candidate tumor suppressor genes on chromosome 10q in astrocytomas

K. Terada, T. Tamiya, S. Daido, H. Kambara, H. Tanaka, Y. Ono, K. Matsumoto, S. Ito, M. Ouchida, T. Ohmoto, K. Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We thoroughly examined loss of heterozygosity (LOH) around three candidate tumor suppressor genes on chromosome 10q to determine whether LOH of each tumor suppressor gene is associated with the previously defined clinical prognostic indices. We also examined whether LOH can help predict prognostic variables in astrocytomas. We selected samples from 40 astrocytomas (grades 2-4), performed Ki-67 immunostaining, and counted positive cells. Using DNA from aliquots of tumor blocks and leukocytes, we investigated LOH around the PTEN, NEURL, and DMBT1 genes (10q23.3-26.1) with the silver staining procedure. We then statistically evaluated the relationship among histological features, regional LOH on chromosome 10q, and survival. The mean survival period for patients with LOH around PTEN was 7.2 months after surgery, while that for patients without LOH around PTEN was 21.4 months. Thus, LOH around PTEN was closely associated with a reduced overall survival (p = 0.0020) but LOH at NEURL or DMBT1 was not (p > 0.05). The combined features of an increase in histological grading and Ki-67-positive cells and the presence of LOH around PTEN significantly correlated with poor prognosis. These factors may be useful predictors of survival, and LOH analysis of tumor suppressor genes on chromosome 10q can contribute greatly to the treatment of patients with astrocytoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Allelic loss
  • Brain tumor
  • DMBT1
  • NEURL
  • PTEN
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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