Prognostic Significance of p27Kip1, Ki-67, and CRTC1-MAML2 Fusion Transcript in Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma: A Molecular and Clinicopathologic Study of 101 Cases

Satoru Miyabe, Mitsukuni Okabe, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Akira Inagaki, Kei Ijichi, Noriyuki Nagai, Tadaaki Eimoto, Motoo Yokoi, Kazuo Shimozato, Hiroshi Inagaki

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Abstract

Purpose: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most frequently detected primary malignancy of the salivary gland and is characterized by a marked variation in prognosis. In the present study, we investigated the prognostic significance of p27Kip1, Ki-67, and CRTC1 (also called MECT1, TORC1, and WAMTP1)-MAML2 fusion in MEC. Materials and Methods: MEC cases (n = 101) were examined for p27Kip1 and Ki-67 expression using immunohistochemistry and for CRTC1-MAML2 fusion transcript using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Results: p27Kip1, Ki-67, and the CRTC1-MAML2 fusion transcript were expressed in 71, 31, and 34 of the 101 cases, respectively. p27Kip1 and CRTC1-MAML2 fusion were associated with favorable clinicopathologic tumor features and Ki-67 with aggressive clinicopathologic features. Multivariate survival analyses were performed that included the following 10 clinicopathologic factors: age, gender, tumor site, tumor size, nodal metastasis, clinical stage, histologic grade, p27 expression, Ki-67 expression, and CRTC1-MAML2 fusion. For disease-free survival, only p27Kip1 expression was significant as an independent prognostic factor. For overall survival, p27Kip1 expression, CRTC1-MAML2 fusion, and tumor size were significant. In each analysis, p27Kip1 and CRTC1-MAML2 fusion were independent of the clinical stage. Ki-67 expression was not selected in either multivariate analysis. Conclusions: p27Kip1 and CRTC1-MAML2 fusion were associated with favorable clinicopathologic tumor features, and both were useful in predicting the overall survival of patients with MEC. For disease-free survival, p27Kip1 might be the most useful prognostic factor. In contrast, Ki-67 might not be a very powerful prognostic indicator for either survival point.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1432-1441
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume67
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

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